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PNEUMOCOCCAL DISEASE  & VACCINATIONS

Which adults need Pneumococcal vaccination?

• All adults 50 years or older who have not previously received PCV13 need one dose of PCV13 vaccine.

• All adults 65 years or older need one dose of PCV13 followed by the PPSV23 vaccine.

• Residents of long-term care facilities should be evaluated for indications to receive PCV13 and/or PPSV23

• Adults with certain medical conditions :

- Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks
- Cochlear implants
- Sickle cell disease and other hemoglobinopathies
- Functional or anatomic asplenia
- Congenital or acquired immunodeficiency 
- HIV infection 

- Chronic Renal failure 
- Nephrotic Syndrome
- Leukemia 
- Hodgkin disease 
- Generalized malignancy 
- Long-term immunosuppressive therapy 
- Solid organ transplant 
- Multiple Myeloma 
- Heart Disease 
- Lung disease 
- Diabetes 
- Alcoholism 
- Cirrhosis 
- Asthma 
- Smoking

Ask your Doctor about the recommended vaccines

Why vaccinate adults against pneumococcal disease? 

• Pneumococcal disease is caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, which is transmitted through respiratory droplets.

• Its most serious clinical manifestations are pneumonia and invasive disease (bacteremia and Meningitis).

- 85% of Invasive pneumococcal disease occurs in adultsWhat happens when someone gets pneumococcal disease?

What happens when someone gets pneumococcal disease?

• Pneumococcal disease can cause pneumonia, meningitis or bacteremia.

- Pneumonia: fever, shaking chills, cough, shortness of breath, chest pain.

 - Meningitis: stiff neck, fever, disorientation, sensitivity to light.

• Bacteremia: similar to meningitis and pneumonia, with muscle and joint pain.
In the elderly, symptoms may be atypical and may include weakness or confusion without the presence of a fever or other ore common symptoms.

Why is Pneumococcal vaccine important? 

• Pneumococcal disease has high associated morbidity.

• Pneumococcal meningitis can cause hearing loss, seizures, blindness, and paralysis

• Concurrent cardiac events are common among patients hospitalized with pneumococcal pneumonia.

Pneumococcal vaccination includes:

• Two pneumococcal vaccines are approved for use in adults: a -13 valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13);
and -23 valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23)

PNEUMOCOCCAL DISEASE  & VACCINATIONSPCV13 for Infants, Children, and Adults

The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) protects against 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria.

Before the vaccine, there were about 700 cases of meningitis, 13,000 bloodstream infections, and 200 deaths from pneumococcal
disease each year among children younger than 5 years old. After children started getting this vaccine, these numbers dropped quickly.

CDC recommends vaccination with the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) for

• All children younger than 2 years old

• High risk adults

• People 2 through 64 years old with certain medical conditions.

 Ask your Doctor about  PNEUMOCOCCAL DISEASE VACCINATIONS